CHOMSKY, WILLIAM (1896–1977), U.S. educator. Born in Russia, Chomsky went in 1913 to the United States, where he studied first in Baltimore while teaching Hebrew in a local Jewish school. From 1922 Chomsky served on the faculty of gratz college , in Philadelphia, becoming its chairman in 1949. From 1954, he also lectured at Dropsie College on Hebrew language and literature and Jewish education. His writings include hundreds of essays in Hebrew and in English that appeared in scholarly journals and in the two U.S. pedagogic magazines, Sheviley Hachinuch and Jewish Education. His articles stress the centrality of classical Hebrew language and literature in the curriculum of the Jewish school. Chomsky claims that without familiarity with Hebrew classics there can be neither vigorous creativity nor intelligence in Jewish life, for in the majority of important writings which the pupils will come to know, more than half of the vocabulary is biblical. His major books are: How to Teach Hebrew… (1946); David Kimḥi's Hebrew Grammar (1952); Hebrew the Eternal   Language (1957); and Teaching and Learning (1953). The last two Chomsky also translated into Hebrew. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Kressel, Leksikon, 1 (1965), 772f., S.V. Chomsky, Ze'ev. (Judah Pilch)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Chomsky, William — (1896 1977)    American educator of Russian origin. He settled in the US in 1913. From 1922 he was on the faculty of Gratz College and from 1954 he lectured at Dropsie College. He wrote about Jewish education, stressing the impor tance of… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

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